The union representing maintenance-of-way (MOW) workers at BNSF is suing the railway for using contractors and not growing the ranks of MOW employees, according to a statement from the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way – Employes Division (BMWED).

The lawsuit is meant “to combat the carrier’s bad faith in dealing with the Union by its depletion of its Maintenance of Way workforce and its blatant disregard of contractual obligations intended to protect our members and their work,” BMWED said in a Tuesday release. MOW employees are responsible for constructing, repairing, rehabilitating and maintaining BNSF’s track and right-of-way, as well as bridges, buildings and other structures, according to the suit.

In the lawsuit, filed Friday in the U.S. District Court in Nebraska, BMWED asserts that BNSF has not sought to grow the number of MOW employees even though MOW head count has fallen by 19% at BNSF since 2016. Instead, the railroad has relied increasingly on contracting out work, attorneys representing BMWED said in the suit. The use of contractors is significant because it’s being viewed as a way to subvert prescribed benefits and general wage increases. 

As a result, BNSF is not maintaining its collective bargaining agreement with BMWED and is violating the Railway Labor Act, according to the union.

“The fact of the matter is BNSF is attempting to shirk its responsibility under the Railway Labor Act in an effort to reduce its labor cost and enrich itself at the expense of our members,” Tim Bunch, George Loveland, John Mozinski and Dennis Albers, the four BMWED general chairmen on BNSF, said in a joint statement. “They are ignoring past agreements on manpower, offering up flimsy excuses for their attrition, and laughing all the way to the bank. We have been patient and have waited for BNSF to rectify this situation on its own but that has not proved beneficial. So we now turn to the court to enforce action.”

FreightWaves reached out to BNSF for comment.

The suit also contends that BNSF is facing workforce shortages, which in turn have led to delayed or deferred maintenance of track, rail and right of way. That action leads to “slow orders” on certain tracks, which can reduce train speeds and temper shippers’ expectations for timely service, BMWED said.

The lawsuit appears to have claims similar to those made by three other unions that BNSF has been relying more on contracted workers to perform locomotive repairs and maintenance.

The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers District 19, and International Association of Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers-Mechanical and Engineering Department — filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri in February. That suit also suggests that BNSF is violating the Railway Labor Act by not working with union members in good faith over the maintenance of the railroad’s locomotives.

That lawsuit is still ongoing.

Meanwhile, BMWED’s late July filing of the lawsuit came as the National Transportation Safety Board released its findings on what may have caused a fatal September 2021 derailment of an Amtrak train in Montana. The train was running on track owned by BNSF. 

NTSB said “poor track conditions” contributed to the derailment, and the agency urged BNSF and other Class I railroads to increase the frequency of autonomous and human inspections.

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Click here for more FreightWaves articles by Joanna Marsh.

Related links:

Rail unions claim BNSF deferred some locomotive maintenance

Railroads reach deals with unions on sick leave, conductor training

NTSB: Fatal Amtrak derailment shows need for more track inspections

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